Trauma can be an individual event or multiple events over months or years. How a person processes trauma is individual, and other factors come into play, such as childhood experiences, personality, and the nature of the traumatic experience.

Trauma can be but isn't limited to:

  • Childhood neglect, abuse, abandonment

  • Domestic abuse

  • Rape

  • Car accident

  • Natural disasters

  • Serious illness

  • Divorce

  • Bereavement

  • Childbirth

  • Bullying

  • Witnessing or hearing about a traumatic event, such as crime, death or accident.

  • Symptoms of trauma can be:

  • Hypervigilance

  • Hyperarousal

  • Feeling unsafe

  • Shock, denial, or disbelief.

  • Confusion, difficulty concentrating

  • Anger, irritability, mood swings

  • Anxiety and fear

  • Guilt, shame, self-blame

  • Withdrawing from others

  • Feeling sad or hopeless

  • Feeling disconnected or numb

These are all ways of the brain's natural response to trauma and processing it, but if the symptoms are prolonged (over 30 days, excluding grief), a diagnosis of PTSD may be given.

Ongoing trauma such as abuse within the home can mean a diagnosis of Complex PTSD. This is due to the nature of the trauma being long-lasting, multi-layered and repetitive.

EMDR and hypnotherapy can help free a person from trauma symptoms. Allowing the brain to process the experience and emotions surrounding it. Healing can start once the brain has started to process the trauma.